What you need to know before coming to Peru – follow this link
The Spanish gave the name Peru to all the land south of Panama, the name coming from the Indian word Piru or Biru, which is known by the inhabitants to be a river which flows into the Pacific Ocean near Punta Pinas, a little to the south of San Miguel (Saint Michael) of Panama Bay. The name Peru was totally unknown by the Indians.
Peru has a population of almost 30 million and covers an area of 2,056,000 sq kilometres (1,285,000 sq miles), with its capital Lima having a population of some 10 million. The official religion is Roman Catholic, although there are now many different denominations. Read on for further information for Holidays in Peru.
Peru has three clearly defined natural regions:
The region bordered by the Pacific Ocean with desert areas, beautiful beaches and fertile valleys. It experiences two very distinct seasons: summer (December to March), with temperatures y up to 27C (80F); and winter: (May to October), very humid and cool. Although rain is very scarce – an annual average of just 30mm – the relative humidity is very high at 80% resulting in frequent mists, which usually occur in the morning but generally clear by midday, leaving a bright and sunny afternoon. Winters here tend to be like British summers. The temperature is fairly even and relatively low for a sub-tropical region at an average of 18 degrees C, although it rises to about 30 degrees C in the summer. The far north coast is sunny all year round and temperatures reach 35C (95F) in the summer; perfect for holidays in Peru.
The region dominated by the Andean range, reaching the height of 22,204 ft at the summit of snow-capped Mount Huascaran. It has a dry temperate climate and two well-defined seasons: summer (May to October), with sunny days, very cold nights, and scarce rain – best time to visit the region – and the rainy season (December to March). In the Highlands, significant weather changes – from 20C (68F) to 2C (35F) in one day are common. The peaks above 15,600 ft are permanently covered in snow.
The region of tropical forest corresponding to the Peruvian Amazon, where Peru’s largest nature reserves are found. It has a humid tropical climate and two clearly distinct seasons: summer or ebb (May to October) with temperatures over 30C (86F) and the rainy season (November to March), with frequent showers and increased river flows. In addition, the visitor to Peru gains an impression of a country with a rich historic and romantic past which is well balanced with the present and also finds a rich diversity of climate and scenery.